The Diamond - Generics

 In Java SE 7 and later, you can replace the type arguments required to invoke the constructor of a generic class with an empty set of type parameters (<>) as long as the compiler can determine, or infer, the type arguments from the context. This pair of angle brackets, <>, is informally called the diamond. For example, you can create an instance of Box<Integer> with the following statement:
Box<Integer> integerBox = new Box<>(); 
Generic Methods: 

You can write a single generic method declaration that can be called with arguments of different types. Based on the types of the arguments passed to the generic method, the compiler handles each method call appropriately. Following are the rules to define Generic Methods:
- All generic method declarations have a type parameter section delimited by angle brackets (< and >) that precedes the method's return type ( < E > in the next example).
- Each type parameter section contains one or more type parameters separated by commas. A type parameter, also known as a type variable, is an identifier that specifies a generic type name.
- The type parameters can be used to declare the return type and act as placeholders for the types of the arguments passed to the generic method, which are known as actual type arguments.
- A generic method's body is declared like that of any other method. Note that type parameters can represent only reference types not primitive types (like int, double and char).
Following example illustrate how we can print array of different type using a single Generic method:
public class GenericMethod
   // generic method printArray                        
   public static < E > void printArray( E[] inputArray )
      // Display array elements             
         for ( E element : inputArray ){       
            System.out.printf( "%s ", element );

    public static void main( String args[] )
        // Create arrays of Integer, Double and Character
        Integer[] integerArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
        Double[] doubleArray = { 1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4 };
        Character[] characterArray = { 'H', 'E', 'L', 'L', 'O' };

        System.out.println( "Array integerArray contains:" );
        printArray( integerArray ); // pass an Integer array

        System.out.println( "\nArray doubleArray contains:" );
        printArray( doubleArray ); // pass a Double array

        System.out.println( "\nArray characterArray contains:" );
        printArray( characterArray ); // pass a Character array
This would produce following result:
Array integerArray contains:
1 2 3 4 5 6

Array doubleArray contains:
1.1 2.2 3.3 4.4

Array characterArray contains:

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