What happens when an exception occurs?

When an error occurs within a method, the method creates an object and hands it off to the runtime system. The object, called an exception object, contains information about the error, including its type and the state of the program when the error occurred. Creating an exception object and handing it to the runtime system is called throwing an exception.
After a method throws an exception, the runtime system attempts to find something to handle it. The set of possible "somethings" to handle the exception is the ordered list of methods that had been called to get to the method where the error occurred. The list of methods is known as the call stack (see the next figure).

                                                     The call stack 
The runtime system searches the call stack for a method that contains a block of code that can handle the exception. This block of code is called an exception handler. The search begins with the method in which the error occurred and proceeds through the call stack in the reverse order in which the methods were called. When an appropriate handler is found, the runtime system passes the exception to the handler. An exception handler is considered appropriate if the type of the exception object thrown matches the type that can be handled by the handler.
The exception handler chosen is said to catch the exception. If the runtime system exhaustively searches all the methods on the call stack without finding an appropriate exception handler, as shown in the next figure, the runtime system (and, consequently, the program) terminates.

                                          Searching the call stack for the exception handler.

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thnks guys it was a lyf saver !! had to take a seminar 2mrw.... thnks again....

Hey thanks Allen ALex..........

Thanks for detail info. I have two questions :

1) On first line of article "method creates an object", i would like to know how internally object is created. what are steps involved in it.

2) If i write int i = 50/0; as per first line "method creates an object", how method will find that Arithmetic Exception object needs to be created.

thanks for nice explaination.
But i also have the same query that who creates the exception method?
Thanks in advance!

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